2 Timothy 3:16-17(ESV)16 All Scripture is breathed out by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness, 17 that the man of God may be complete, equipped for every good work.
Correction is not judgment, as the Bible says that we should correct, rebuke and be bold to those who are sinning. It is to be done in an act of caring for them in the hope that they will believe. That way we could contribute to the saving of a soul. If we don’t, we could be responsible for suppressing the truth which could mean eternal death instead of eternal life for that person. James 5:20(ESV)20 let him know that whoever brings back a sinner from his wandering will save his soul from death and will cover a multitude of sins.
The Word of God is inspired so that you might trust it to be accurate when you…TEACH
To teach you must know what is right. You can’t teach if you don’t know what is right.
Therefore you must study. Read the Bible on your own, attend church, fellowship with other believers, attend Bible study, have devotions, pray, etc.
Learn about the Trinity, the deity of Christ, the resurrection, salvation by grace, the consequence of sin, hell, heaven, the return of Christ, etc.
The Word of God is inspired so that you might trust it and be accurate when you…REBUKE
To rebuke means that scold and correct in a sharp way.
To urge someone to stop sinning: Perhaps a Christian is in sin. You are to warn him.
1 Timothy 5:20 (ESV)As for those who persist in sin, rebuke them in the presence of all, so that the rest may stand in fear.
Perhaps an unbeliever is not aware of his sin; therefore, you offer correction, warning, or admonition.
1 Corinthians 5:12 (ESV) For what have I to do with judging outsiders? Is it not those inside the church whom you are to judge?
The Word of God is inspired so that you might trust it and be accurate when you…CORRECT
To correct here means to restore to an upright or right state with the improvement of life or character. You can correct erring doctrines or understanding or even bad interpretations of scripture You can even correct yourselves when you examine the Word and discover any errors you may have in understanding or practice.
The Sovereignty of God is the biblical teaching that all things are under God’s rule and control, and that nothing happens without His direction or permission. God works not just some things but all things according to the counsel of His own will. Ephesians 1:11(ESV)11 In him we have obtained an inheritance, having been predestined according to the purpose of him who works all things according to the counsel of his will, His purposes are all-inclusive and never derailed Isaiah 46:11(ESV)calling a bird of prey from the east, the man of my counsel from a far country. I have spoken, and I will bring it to pass; I have purposed, and I will do it.; nothing takes Him by surprise. The sovereignty of God is not merely that God has the power and right to govern all things, but that He does so, always and without exception. In other words, God is not merely sovereign de jure (in principle), but sovereign de facto (in practice).
RC Sproul says “Don’t you realize that if there is one molecule in this universe running around loose outside the scope or the sphere of God’s divine control and authority and power, then that single maverick molecule may be the grain of sand that changes the entire course of human history, that blocks God from keeping the promises he has made to his people?” It may be that one maverick molecule that will prevent Christ from the consummation of his kingdom. For if there is one maverick molecule, it would mean that God is not sovereign.
If there is any element of the universe that is outside of his authority, then he no longer is God over all. In other words, sovereignty belongs to deity. Sovereignty is a natural attribute of the Creator. God owns what he makes, and he rules what he owns.
Psalm 115:3 (ESV)Our God is in the heavens; he does all that he pleases.
Proverbs 16:9 (ESV)The heart of man plans his way, but the Lord establishes his steps.
Job 42:2 (ESV)“I know that you can do all things, and that no purpose of yours can be thwarted.
Isaiah 46:9-10 (ESV)Remember the former things of old; for I am God, and there is no other; I am God, and there is none like me, declaring the end from the beginning and from ancient times things not yet done, saying, ‘My counsel shall stand, and I will accomplish all my purpose,’
Proverbs 19:21 (ESV)Many are the plans in the mind of a man, but it is the purpose of the Lord that will stand.
God’s sovereignty in salvation means that He saves whom He will, and those whom He saves owe nothing to anything in or of themselves. They are saved because God graciously chose them in eternity and regenerated and called them in history. They cannot even take credit for their faith because it is the gift that He Himself sovereignly bestows. The blood of Jesus saves exactly everyone it was meant to save, not one more not one less. Everyone that is saved is part of God’s plan.
Predestination is the teaching that God has, from all eternity, freely determined whatsoever shall come to pass. We find this in Ephesians 1:11 which says, “also we have obtained an inheritance, having been predestined according to His purpose who works all things after the counsel of His will.” Notice Paul teaches that predestination occurs according to the purpose of God and that God works all things after His will. The “all things” means exactly that, all things.
•Predestination: “God’s actions in willing something to a specific result; also called “foreordination.” Some Christian theologians, particularly in the Reformed tradition, have seen it as indicating God’s eternal decree by which all creatures are foreordained to eternal life or death. It may also be used synonymously with “election” and indicates God’s gracious initiation of salvation for those who believe in Jesus Christ.”1
•”The divine determination of human beings to eternal salvation or eternal damnation. The doctrine of predestination is a branch, so to speak, of the doctrine of election; God’s predestinating activity is a function of his existence as the electing God.
The word predestination comes from the Greek προορίζω, “prooridzo.” The word occurs six times in six verses in the New Testament.
1Acts 4:28(ESV)28 to do whatever your hand and your plan had predestined to take place.
2Romans 8:29-30(ESV)29 For those whom he foreknew he also predestined to be conformed to the image of his Son, in order that he might be the firstborn among many brothers. 30 And those whom he predestined he also called, and those whom he called he also justified, and those whom he justified he also glorified.
31 Corinthians 2:7(NASB) “but we speak God’s wisdom in a mystery, the hidden wisdom, which God predestined before the ages to our glory.”
4Ephesians 1:5(ESV) “He predestined us to adoption as sons through Jesus Christ to Himself, according to the kind intention of His will.”
5Ephesians 1:11(ESV), “also we have obtained an inheritance, having been predestined according to His purpose who works all things after the counsel of His will.”
By looking at these verses we can see that predestination reveals God’s great sovereignty and right to do with His creation as he desires. But also we can see that predestination deals with salvation. Unfortunately, many Christians do not accept the biblical teaching on predestination. Many do not like the idea that God predestines people for salvation, but the fact is the Bible teaches it.
So, predestination is God determining certain things to occur ahead of time. What did God determine ahead of time? According to Romans 8:29-30, God predetermined that certain individuals would be conformed to the likeness of His Son, be called, justified, and glorified. Essentially, God predetermines that certain individuals will be saved. Numerous scriptures refer to believers in Christ being chosen.
Matthew 24:22(ESV) 22 And if those days had not been cut short, no human being would be saved. But for the sake of the elect those days will be cut short.
Matthew 24:31(ESV) 31 And he will send out his angels with a loud trumpet call, and they will gather his elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other.
Mark 13:20(ESV) 20 And if the Lord had not cut short the days, no human being would be saved. But for the sake of the elect, whom he chose, he shortened the days.
Mark 13:27(ESV) 27 And then he will send out the angels and gather his elect from the four winds, from the ends of the earth to the ends of heaven.
John 6:44(ESV)“No one can come to Me unless the Father who sent Me draws him; and I will raise him up on the last day.
John 6:65(ESV)65 And he said, “This is why I told you that no one can come to me unless it is granted him by the Father.”
John 15:16(NASB) “You did not choose Me, but I chose you, and appointed you, that you should go and bear fruit, and that your fruit should remain, that whatever you ask of the Father in My name, He may give to you.”
Acts 9:15(NASB) “But the Lord said to him, “Go, for he is a chosen instrument of Mine, to bear My name before the Gentiles and kings and the sons of Israel.”
Romans 8:33(ESV) 33 Who shall bring any charge against God’s elect? It is God who justifies.
Romans 9:11(ESV) 11 though they were not yet born and had done nothing either good or bad—in order that God’s purpose of election might continue, not because of works but because of him who calls—
Romans 11:5-7(ESV) 5 So too at the present time there is a remnant, chosen by grace. 6 But if it is by grace, it is no longer on the basis of works; otherwise grace would no longer be grace.7 What then? Israel failed to obtain what it was seeking. The elect obtained it, but the rest were hardened,
Romans 11:28(ESV) 28 As regards the gospel, they are enemies for your sake. But as regards election, they are beloved for the sake of their forefathers.
Ephesians 1:4-5(ESV)4 even as he chose us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and blameless before him. In love 5 he predestined us for adoption to himself as sons through Jesus Christ, according to the purpose of his will,
Ephesians 1:11(ESV) 11 In him we have obtained an inheritance, having been predestined according to the purpose of him who works all things according to the counsel of his will,
Ephesians 2:10(ESV)10 For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus for good works, which God prepared beforehand, that we should walk in them.
Colossians 3:12(ESV) 12 Put on then, as God’s chosen ones, holy and beloved, compassionate hearts, kindness, humility, meekness, and patience,
1 Thessalonians 1:4(ESV) 4 For we know, brothers loved by God, that he has chosen you,
2 Thessalonians 2:13-14(ESV)13 But we ought always to give thanks to God for you, brothers beloved by the Lord, because God chose you as the firstfruits to be saved, through sanctification by the Spirit and belief in the truth. 14 To this he called you through our gospel, so that you may obtain the glory of our Lord Jesus Christ.
2 Timothy 2:10(ESV) 10 Therefore I endure everything for the sake of the elect, that they also may obtain the salvation that is in Christ Jesus with eternal glory.
Titus 1:1(ESV) Paul, a servant of God and an apostle of Jesus Christ, for the sake of the faith of God’s elect and their knowledge of the truth, which accords with godliness,
1 Peter 1:1-2(ESV) Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ,To those who are elect exiles of the Dispersion in Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia, 2 according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, in the sanctification of the Spirit, for obedience to Jesus Christ and for sprinkling with his blood: May grace and peace be multiplied to you.
1 Peter 2:9(ESV)9 But you are a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people for his own possession, that you may proclaim the excellencies of him who called you out of darkness into his marvelous light.
2 Peter 1:10(ESV)10 Therefore, brothers, be all the more diligent to confirm your calling and election, for if you practice these qualities you will never fall.
Predestination is the biblical doctrine that God in His sovereignty chooses certain individuals to be saved.
The most common objection to the doctrine of predestination is that it is unfair. Why would God choose certain individuals and not others? The important thing to remember is that no one deserves to be saved. We have all sinned (Romans 3:23), and are all worthy of eternal punishment (Romans 6:23). As a result, God would be perfectly just in allowing all of us to spend eternity in hell. However, God chooses to save some of us. He is not being unfair to those who are not chosen, because they are receiving what they deserve. God’s choosing to be gracious to some is not unfair to the others. No one deserves anything from God; therefore, no one can object if he does not receive anything from God.
Reformed theology is generally considered synonymous with Calvinism but traces back to Jesus in John 6 and Paul in his letters to Rome and Ephesians. Although there had been significant earlier attempts to reform the Roman Catholic Church before Luther – such as those of Jan Hus, Peter Waldo, and John Wycliffe – Martin Luther is widely acknowledged to have started the Reformation with his 1517 work The Ninety-Five Theses. Luther began by criticizing the selling of indulgences, insisting that the Pope had no authority over purgatory and that the Catholic doctrine of the merits of the saints had no foundation in the gospel. The Protestant position, however, would come to incorporate doctrinal changes such as
•It means to affirm the great “Solas” of the Reformation. “Sola” is Latin meaning “alone” or “only” and the corresponding phrases are:
• Sola Fide, by faith alone.
• Sola Scriptura, by Scripture alone.
• Solus Christus, through Christ alone.
• Sola Gratia, by grace alone.
• Soli Deo Gloria, glory to God alone.
These phrases may be found individually expressed in the various writings of the 16th century Reformers
•It means to affirm and promote a profoundly high view of the sovereignty of God.
•It means to affirm the doctrines of grace, to see God as the author of salvation from beginning to end, commonly referred to as the acronym TULIP.
Calvinism and Arminianism are two systems of theology that attempt to explain the relationship between God’s sovereignty and man’s responsibility in the matter of salvation. Calvinism is named for John Calvin, a French theologian who lived from 1509-1564. Arminianism is named for Jacobus Arminius, a Dutch theologian who lived from 1560-1609. Calvinism got coined as the name for Reformed theology and Reformed theology is just another name for Biblical Theology.
Both systems can be summarized with five points. Reformed Theology holds to the total depravity of man while Arminianism holds to partial depravity. Reformed Theology’s doctrine of total depravity states that every aspect of humanity is corrupted by sin; therefore, human beings are unable to come to God on their own accord. Partial depravity states that every aspect of humanity is tainted by sin, but not to the extent that human beings are unable to place faith in God of their own accord. Note: classical Arminianism rejects “partial depravity” and holds a view very close to Calvinistic “total depravity”. In general, Arminians believe there is an “intermediate” state between total depravity and salvation. In this state, made possible by prevenient grace, the sinner is being drawn to Christ and has the God-given ability to choose salvation. But No one seeks after God’s plan of salvation on his own accord.
Romans 3:10-1810 as it is written: “None is righteous, no, not one;11no one understands; no one seeks for God.12. All have turned aside; together they have become worthless;no one does good, not even one.”13 “Their throat is an open grave; they use their tongues to deceive.” “The venom of asps is under their lips.” 14 “Their mouth is full of curses and bitterness.”15 “Their feet are swift to shed blood;16 in their paths are ruin and misery,17 and the way of peace they have not known.”18 “There is no fear of God before their eyes.”
Those without Christ are blind to their need for salvation.
2 Corinthians 4:4(ESV)4 In their case the god of this world has blinded the minds of the unbelievers, to keep them from seeing the light of the gospel of the glory of Christ, who is the image of God.
This only changes when God begins drawing a person to Himself. It is God who opens eyes and enlightens minds to the need for Jesus Christ as Savior. A person cannot repent (change the mind about sin and the need for salvation) unless God grants repentance Acts 11:18(ESV)18 When they heard these things they fell silent. And they glorified God, saying, “Then to the Gentiles also God has granted repentance that leads to life.” Therefore, if you understand God’s plan of salvation, recognize your need for it, and feel compelled to receive Jesus Christ as your Savior, then believe, and you are saved.
Reformed Theology includes the belief that election is unconditional, while Arminianism believes in conditional election. Unconditional election is the view that God elects individuals to salvation based entirely on His will, not on anything inherently worthy in the individual. Conditional election states that God elects individuals to salvation based on His foreknowledge of who will believe in Christ unto salvation, thereby on the condition that the individual chooses God. Which would not make God sovereign but a time traveler.
Reformed Theology sees the atonement as limited, while Arminianism sees it as unlimited. This is the most controversial of the five points. Limited atonement is the belief that Jesus only died for the elect. Unlimited atonement is the belief that Jesus died for all, but that His death is not effectual until a person chooses Him by faith.
Reformed Theology includes the belief that God’s grace is irresistible, while Arminianism says that an individual can resist the grace of God. Irresistible grace argues that when God calls a person to salvation, that person will inevitably come to salvation. Resistible grace states that God calls all to salvation, but that many people resist and reject this call.
Reformed Theology holds to perseverance of the saints while Arminianism holds to conditional salvation. Perseverance of the saints refers to the concept that a person who is elected by God will persevere in faith and will not permanently deny Christ or turn away from Him. Conditional salvation is the view that a believer in Christ can, of his/her own free will, turn away from Christ and thereby lose salvation.
Here are some theologians and teachers of reformed theology over the years Augustine,John Wycliffe,John Hus, William Tyndale, Martin Luther, Huldrych Zwingli,John Calvin, Charles Spurgeon, Isaac Watts, John Bunyan, John Owen, Jonathan Edwards, A.W. Pink, Sinclair Ferguson,James White, Paul Washer,Voddie Baucham,J.C.Ryle,Alistair Begg, Wayne Grudem, R.C. Sproul,R.C. Sproul, Jr., John Piper, John MacArthur,R. Albert Mohler, David Platt,Tim Challies,Mark Dever, Matt Chandler, and many more
A main opponent that has reared its ugly head thoughout the last 2000 years has been something called pelagianism.
Pelagianism derives its name from Pelagius who lived in the 5th century A.D. and was a teacher in Rome, though he was British by birth. It is a heresy dealing with the nature of man. Pelagius, whose family name was Morgan, taught that people had the ability to fulfill the commands of God by exercising the freedom of human will apart from the grace of God. In other words, a person’s free will is totally capable of choosing God and/or to do good or bad without the aid of Divine intervention. Pelagianism teaches that man’s nature is basically good. Thus it denies original sin, the doctrine that we have inherited a sinful nature from Adam. He said that Adam only hurt himself when he fell, and all of his descendants were not affected by Adam’s sin. Pelagius taught that a person is born with the same purity and moral abilities as Adam was when he was first made by God. He taught that people can choose God by the exercise of their free will and rational thought. God’s grace, then, is merely an aid to help individuals come to Him.
Pelagianism fails to understand man’s nature and weakness. We are by nature sinners (Eph. 2:3; Psalm 51:5). We all have sinned because sin entered the world through Adam: “Therefore, just as sin entered the world through one man, and death through sin, and in this way death came to all men, because all sinned” (Rom. 5:12, NIV). Furthermore, Romans 3:10-12 says, “There is none righteous, not even one; 11 There is none who understands, There is none who seeks for God; 12 All have turned aside, together they have become useless; There is none who does good, There is not even one.” Therefore, we are unable to do God’s will (Rom. 6:16; 7:14). We were affected by the fall of Adam–contrary to what Pelagius taught.
Semi-Pelagianism is a weaker form of Pelagianism (a heresy derived from Pelagius who lived in the 5th century A.D. and was a teacher in Rome). Semi-Pelagianism (advocated by Cassian at Marseilles, 5th Century) did not deny original sin and its effects upon the human soul and will; but, it taught that God and man cooperate to achieve man’s salvation. This cooperation is not by human effort as in keeping the law but rather in the ability of a person to make a free will choice. The semi-Pelagian teaches that man can make the first move toward God by seeking God out of his own free will, and that man can cooperate with God’s grace even to the keeping of his faith through human effort. This would mean that God responds to the initial effort of person, and that God’s grace is not absolutely necessary to maintain faith.
The problem is that this is no longer grace. Grace is the completely unmerited and freely given favor of God upon the sinner; but, if man is the one who first seeks God, then God is responding to the good effort of seeking him. This would mean that God is offering a proper response to the initial effort of man. This is not grace but what is due the person who chooses to believe in God apart from God’s initial effort.
•Semi-Pelagianism says the sinner has the ability to initiate belief in God.
•Semi-Pelagianism says God’s grace is a response to man’s initial effort.
•Semi-Pelagianism denies predestination.
Semi-Pelagianism was condemned at the Council of Orange in 529.
Condemned as a heresy
Pelagius has been condemned by many councils throughout church history including the following:
•Councils of Carthage (412, 416 and 418)
•Council of Ephesus (431)
•The Council of Orange (529)
•Council of Trent (1546) Roman Catholic
•2nd Helvetic (1561/66) 8-9. (Swiss-German Reformed)
•Augsburg Confession (1530) Art. 9, 18 (Lutheran)
•Gallican Confession (1559) Art. 10 (French Reformed)
•Belgic Confession (1561) Art. 15 (Lowlands, French/Dutch/German Reformed)
•The Anglican Articles (1571), 9. (English)
•Canons of Dort (1618-9), 3/4.2 (Dutch/German/French Reformed)
Here are some Arminian/pelagian/ semi pelagian teachers/preachers, A.W Tozer, John Wesley, Charles Finney, Billy Sunday, Billy Graham,Bill Johnson, Leonard Ravenhill, David Wilkerson
•Aimee Semple McPherson (1890–1944) Foursquare Church
Also here are some religions and denominations that are ArminianArminian direction include Methodists, Free Will Baptists, Christian Churches and Churches of Christ, General Baptists, the Seventh-day Adventist Church, Church of the Nazarene, The Wesleyan Church, The Salvation Army, Conservative Mennonites, Old Order Mennonites, Amish,Assemblies of God, Four Square, Pentecostals and Charismatics.
The Word of God is inspired so that you might trust it and be accurate when you…TRAIN IN RIGHTEOUSNESS.
This includes the training and education of children with the cultivation of mind and morals.
As saved sinners, we are in constant need of training. We must hear the Word, study it, and apply it.
Training implies that it is something that is done over and over with the aim at improvement.
These four things: Teaching, Correcting, Rebuking, and Training in Righteousness are each outward as well as inward. We are active in each of them. The inspired Word of God is there for you also, so that you might be able to do Good Works. It is part of the calling: To do Good. Before being a Christian, you could not do good. You may “accidentally” do something seemingly good but it was sinful in its intent. It is only because of the Cross of Christ, because of His shed blood that you even attempt to do anything that is good.
You do good to glorify Jesus, not simply for the sake of doing good.
Ephesians 2:10(ESV)“For we are God’s workmanship, created in Christ Jesus to do good works, which God prepared in advance for us to do,”.
Good works are a manifestation of what you know and believe.
That is why the Scriptures are there to Teach, Correct, Rebuke, and Train. The Word of God is your guide to that which is right, pure, holy, and truthful.
So that you might believe that which is true, not false, and in truth, accurately do that which is pleasing in the sight of God, to His glory.
There is no other source of inspiration on earth.